FRANCHISE LETTER OF INTENT : franchise tax board org.
franchise letter of intent – LeapFrog Explorer
Hopi Elder Titus Qomayumptewa (Polaroid ©Rebecca Sommer)
BY MARC SILLS, Fourth World Bulletin
Ferrell Sekacucu, a businessman, cattleman, restauranteur, grocer and service-station operator from the village of Shipaulovi (Second Mesa), was elected chairman of the Hopi Tribal Council on 2 February 1994. In the campaign that preceded the election, Sekacucu and his opponent, Ivan Sidney (past Chairman of the Hopi Tribe [1981-89], as well as past Hopi Chief of Police), found exceedingly little to disagree about. One issue that clearly united them was their total opposition to continuing mediation with the Navajo Nation, concerning relocation of Dine people from Big Mountain and other communities that are now enclosed within the boundaries of the HPL (Hopi Partitioned Lands). Both candidates took hard-line positions on enforcement of the 1974 "Navajo-Hopi Land Settlement Act" (PL 93-531, referred to here as the "Relocation Act"), legislation that orders the forced relocation of some 10,000 Dine and about 100 Hopi people.
The intent of this article is to expand the information offered in the preceding piece on Dine resistance to relocation, with a focus on current issues in Hopiland. As explained in the preceding article, the relocation project has been modified, delayed and extended well beyond its 1986 deadline, due to many complicating factors, not the least of which is the international scrutiny to which the process has been exposed, and the serious argument that it violates Dine human rights. Both Congress and the Administration have been reluctant to begin forced eviction of people who are guilty of doing nothing more than having been born into Dine families that resided legally (until 1974) on particular lands within the 1882 Executive Order Reservation, for which they were criminalized (becoming trespassers) through the Relocation Act. A forced eviction, with clear potential to become violent, is certain to be televised and exceedingly embarrassing for the United States.
Delays on relocation have been very frustrating for the "Hopi Tribe" (as the centralized government is referred to, and which is distinguished here from the Hopi people). Members of the Hopi Tribe, especially the cattlemen like Ferrell Sekacucu, are anxious to take over full control of the HPL, which was awarded to the Hopi Tribe by the Relocation Act. The Hopi Tribe feels that its "sovereign authority as an Indian nation" has been unfairly limited, due to the continued presence of Dine families on the HPL. The greatest present cause of delay in getting rid of the Dine is the legal reconsideration of the relocation, in a court-ordered mediation that resulted in the 1992 "Agreement in Principle" (AIP). The AIP was signed by the Hopi Tribe, the Navajo Nation, the attorney for the Dine Manybeads plaintiffs (who are resisting relocation), and the US Government (represented by the Justice and Interior departments). However, the AIP was rejected by the Dine resisters, when it was presented to them for ratification in August 1993. Since then, continuation of mediation has been uncertain, as the Hopi Tribe says it wants nothing more to do with the process.
Mr. Sekacucu apparently will continue the hard-line direction on relocation that was followed by out-going Chairman Vernon Masayesva, who did not seek re-election. Masayesva, over the course of his tenure (1989-93), travelled around the United States, speaking to various audiences of the importance of relocating the Dine. His speeches were typically vindictive denunciations in which he made several major points of argument, which are important to note as the point of departure of the new Hopi government.
First, Masayesva cast the struggle over the 1882 Reservation in terms of a national conflict between "the" Navajos and "the" Hopis, emphasizing the fact that "the" 200,000 Navajos greatly outnumber "the" 10,000 Hopis. The struggle can in fact be understood in this distortion of reality only since the 1930s, due to the imposition of a central Hopi government by the United States at that time (the "Navajo Nation" had been similarly imposed as a central government of the Dine in the 1920s). Before that, it was difficult to generalize about either people as a nation, as neither had any centralized locus of organization or political power, which was p
franchise letter of intent
Year Nine marks a turning point for The Major Case Squad as one of their own is murdered while undercover in the world of illegal arms dealing. In a two-part season premiere, Detectives Goren (Vincent D
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